Nedan hittar du avslutade forskningsprojekt som berör forskningsämne juridik.
Harmonizing National Laws on Human Trafficking by Implementing Article 3 of the Palermo Protocol
Duration: July 2006 - September 2013
Project leader: Dominika Borg Jansson | Project page
I avhandlingen studeras hur den internationella definitionen av människohandel i Palermoprotokollet har påverkat nationella bestämmelser om människohandel.
Människohandel för sexuella ändamål - ett holistiskt angreppssätt för att förebygga brottet
Duration: October 2013 - October 2015
Project leader: Dominika Borg-Jansson | Project page
The project approaches the crime of human trafficking from a victim oriented perspective. The aim is to improve knowledge on human trafficking and suggest methods of prevention.
Democratic Values in Post-Accession Lithuania
Duration: 1 June 2013 - 31 July 2013
Project leader: Ausra Padskocimaite | Project page
The aim of the project was to study whether democratic values such as respect for human rights and tolerance promoted by the European Union during the pre-accession period took root in Lithuania. In order to join the European Union candidate countries had to meet the so-called Copenhagen criteria (respect for rule of law and human rights, democratic state of governance, functioning market economy) that led to numerous legislative and administrative changes in the field of human rights. However, it seemed that the formal institutional framework had changed much faster than people’s attitudes and beliefs. The first part of the project was based on interviews with representatives from different human rights NGOs in Lithuania. During the second part, a representative population survey was carried out to uncover people’s ideas about human rights and tolerance of unpopular groups. The results of the survey could provide interesting insights about meaningful differences between different age groups (younger generation is expected to be more tolerant), people with different educational background, religion etc.
Land Ownership and Economic Performance
Duration: September 2014 – December 2015
Project leader: Leonid Polishchuk | Project page
According to the famous dictum by De Soto, land ownership improves economic performance, especially since it facilitates access to finance. We argue that the payoff to land ownership is contingent on the quality of surrounding institutions, such as the rule of law and protection of property rights. When surrounding institutions are of inferior quality, land ownership could make matters worse and turn out to be a net liability. We test this hypothesis on Russian industrial firms using survey data, and show that indeed under poor investment climate the costs of land ownership could exceed its benefits.